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Kidney disease: What you need to know & how to treat it in 2024


The kidneys are vital organs responsible for filtering waste products and excess fluids from the blood to form urine. They help to regulate electrolyte balance, and blood pressure, and help keep from becoming anemic. They are important for bone health and vitamin D regulation (clearly you can tell they have so many benefits).

Kidney diseases are conditions in which the kidneys become damaged and cannot perform their function properly. This can lead to a build-up of waste products and fluids in the body, causing various health problems.

At the early stages routine blood work can indicate that you are at the early stages of kidney disease, which is the easiest time to administer treatment.

This is why it is vital to take care of your kidneys by going on regular checkups as well as avoiding the root causes of kidney diseases.


Defects in the kidney can cause kidney structural and functional failure. There are several causes of kidney diseases but the most common are as a result of hypertension and diabetes.

  • 1. Hypertension (high blood pressure): Hypertension is the abnormal rise of blood pressure in the body, this can affect the blood vessels in the kidneys by limiting their function and causing kidney disease.
  • 2. Diabetes: When excess glucose starts sticking to protein, this creates an obstruction that causes glomerulosclerosis, where the glomeruli become stiff and narrowed thus preventing free flow of blood.

Other causes may include:

  1. 1. Heart disease
  2. 2. Obesity
  3. 3. Urinary tract disorder and inflammation of different parts of the kidney.
  4. 4. Long-term use of medications such as NSAIDs (aspirin, ibuprofen, diclofenac, etc.)
  5. 5. Smoking
  6. 6. Excessive alcohol intake


Defects in the kidney structure can cause your kidney to fail, and you may become at a higher risk as you get older. In addition to this, those genetically predisposed to certain medical conditions like polycystic kidney disease or some auto-immune sickness like lupus.


There are no overt signs at the earlier stages of kidney diseases, but as the kidney diseases progress you may notice the following;

  • a. Swelling at the feet
  • b. Nausea and vomiting
  • c. Muscle cramps
  • d. Urinating either in excess or too little
  • e. Trouble with sleeping
  • f. Loss of appetite

It is important to note that these can happen in other disorders so do not automatically assume you have kidney disease immediately. If you are experiencing anything that is of concern to you make an appointment with a doctor.


Treatments are issued depending on the cause of distress to the kidney, they include;

  • a. Getting blood pressure controlled
  • b. Reducing sugar intake
  • c. Frequent exercise and body fat control for those who are overweight
  • d. Introducing healthy meals to your diet such as a lower protein diet reduces the amount of waste needed to be filtered out.


  • a. Quit smoking
  • b. Reduce alcohol consumption
  • c. Exercise more
  • d. Drink water frequently
  • e. Go for regular checkups at the hospital.


If you are looking to get treatment, consultation, or regular check-ups then is the perfect place for you to get effective service delivery.

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